Contents and use


The library catalogue database K10+ – Contents and period covered


The Saarland Bibliography is hosted by the library catalogue K10+ and can be accessed online. At the end of 2019, the Saarland Bibliography contained around 94,000 records across all types of media (books, journal articles, online resources, CDs, microform materials). The Saarland Bibliography database contains a complete listing of all materials published after 1991. 

The database is a regional bibliography that allows users to search for all topics of regional relevance. The primary purpose of the database is as a repository of publications of academic and scholarly interest. It does not seek to provide a completely comprehensive record of every available piece of published or unpublished material concerning Saarland.

In terms of its geographical scope,the Saarland Bibliography covers the area corresponding to Saarland in its current and historical forms, the Saar-Lor-Lux region (insofar as the published work concerns Saarland) and the former administrative territories in and around Saarland (e.g. the County of Saarwerden).

The Saarland Bibliography includesall forms of textual media, including books, articles, journals, CDs, DVDs, video cassettes, maps, online publications and microform materials. Wherever possible, the Saarland University and State Library aims to procure and preserve these items.

Materials that are not collected includemagazine fiction, fiction (published after July 2018) with no clear connection to Saarland, legal judgments, primary and subordinate legislation, statutes of companies or associations, advertisements, commercial promotional materials. Individual articles or essays in edited volumes are only included if they have a specific relevance to Saarland that is different to that of the edited volume of which they are a part.

At the present time, only some of the works published before 1991have been indexed. These include:

  • Most books (drawn predominantly from the SULB collection).

  • Most of the titles of periodicals published in Saarland, of which there were 4005 at the end of 2011, have now been entered into the database.

  • However, most of the articles in the periodicals listed in the printed Saarland Bibliography, which covers the period 1961 to 1990, have not yet been included.

The printed bibliographies


The older bibliographies that index the literature of Saarland before 1991 are printed volumes that are in the process of being digitized. As only a small fraction of the records in the printed bibliographies have so far been entered into the online Saarland Bibliography, the printed editions remain an essential part of any full literature search.

  • Anton Haßlacher, Literatur über das Industriegebiet an der Saar. 2. Aufl. (Saarbrücken 1910) (Mitteilungen des Historischen Vereins für die Saargegend). Available as an e-book in SULB digitial.
  • Hermann Corsten, Rheinische Bibliographie. Bd 1: Archäologie bis Geologie (Köln 1940). This unfinished bibliography (the volume ‘Geschichte’ was never published) also covers the Saar region. Since 2016, the title records have also been available in the Rhineland-Palatinate Bibliography.
  • Daniel Häberle, Pfälzische Bibliographie (1908-1927). The bibliography covers Saarpfalz-Kreis, which is one of Saarland’s six administrative districts and was once a part of the former Bavarian Palatinate. The work has been digitized and is included in Rhineland Palatinate’s dilibri database. Most of the records have been imported into the Rhineland Palatinate Bibliography.
  • Saarpfälzische Bibliographie Jg. 1936 (Kaiserslautern 1939). This bibliography was originally planned to follow on from Häberle’s work and provide a continuous record of the Gau Saarpfalz (the Saar-Palatinate administrative division of Nazi Germany). However, as a result of the Second World War only this one volume was published.
  • Rudolf Drumm, Schrifttum über das Industriegebiet an der Saar und seiner Umgebung (Pfalz, Nahe, Hunsrück und Lothringen). Anschließend an: Literatur über das Industriegebiet an der Saar. Von A.Haßlacher. In: Pollichia. Mitteilungen des Vereins für Naturkunde und Naturschutz in der Westmark 104 (1943), S. 3-73. Available as an e-book in SULB digitial.
  • Bibliographie der Pfalz und des Saarlandes 1927-1950. Bd 2: Ortsgeschichtliche Literatur. Ed. Rolf Bohlender (Speyer 1977). This retrospective bibliography indexes the literature about Rhineland Palatinate and Saarland that was published after the period covered in Häberle’s 1926 bibliography and up to the start of the period covered by the current Palatinate Bibliography. Volume 1: The systematically structured general section of the bibliography is available as a database. The entire contents of both volumes have been imported into the Rhineland Palatinate Bibliography.
  • The Palatinate Bibliography also includes literature about Saarland in the period 1951 to 1960. The records in this work have also been transferred to the Rhineland Palatinate Bibliography.
  • From 1961, the Saarland Bibliography was managed by the University Library in Saarbrücken. Note: Most of the articles that were published in the period 1961 to 1990 have yet to be imported into the online database. The volumes covering the period 1961 to 1990 were digitized by the SULB and can be accessed via SULB digital.

Retrospective additions to the Saarland Bibliography



The SULB is endeavouring to add data retrospectively to the Saarland Bibliography The long-term objective is to create a complete repository of literature relating to the Saar region throughout history. Time and personnel constraints mean that progress on this project is gradual. The retrospective additions are concentrated in three main areas:

The printed Saarland Bibliography from 1961 onward provides a reliable and complete index of the publications in that period. Most of the work on retrospective additions is therefore focused on the less-well indexed periods prior to 1961, in particular, the period before 1927.

As most of the books about Saarland in the SULB collections are already included in the Saarland Bibliography, work is being undertaken to complete the indexing process so that all books relating to the Saar region are recorded in the bibliography. This involves analysing citations, searching through antiquarian catalogues and incorporating gifts made to the SULB, such as the recent gift of the collections of the Saarberg Library.

To establish a broad-based initial collection of articles, selected journals with a connection to Saarland that were published before 1991 have been carefully examined and any relevant articles found have been added retrospectively to the bibliography. This process is still ongoing, but significant progress has already been made.

  • Walther Cartellieri, Verzeichnis der Saardissertationen 1933 (Mit Nachträgen 1934)
  • Hermann Corsten, Rheinische Bibliographie. Bd 1: Archäologie bis Geologie (Köln 1940). Noch in Bearbeitung.
  • Bonner Jahrbücher (96/97.1895 – 192.1992)
  • Bulletin de la Société des Amis des Pays de la Sarre (1.1923–10.1934)
  • Heimatbuch des Kreises St. Wendel (1.1948–[1990])
  • Hochwälder Geschichtsblätter (1.1989–[1990])
  • Journal des Français de la Sarre (1.1929–2.1930) und Journal de la Sarre (1.1931–3.1933/34)
  • Monatshefte für rheinische Kirchengeschichte (1.1907–37.1943) und Monatshefte für evangelische Kirchengeschichte des Reinlandes (1.1952–[1990])
  • Pfälzer Heimat (1.1950–[1990])
  • Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter (1.1931–[1990])
  • Saarbrücker Bergmannskalender (1.1873–[1990])
  • Saarbrücker Hefte (1.1955–[1990])
  • Saarländische Familienkunde (1.1968–[1990])
  • Saarpfälzische Abhandlungen zur Landes- und Volksforschung (Fortsetzung: Westmärkische ...)(1.1937–5.1941)
  • Saarpfalz (1.1983–[1990])
  • Die Saarwirtschaft (1.1949–1956)
  • Unsere Heimat an der Saar (1.1951–4.1954)
  • Unsere Heimat : Mitteilungsblatt des Landkreises Saarlouis für Kultur und Landschaft (8.1983-[1990])
  • Unsere Saar (1.1926/27–9.1934/35,4/5)
  • Westricher Heimatblätter NF (1. 1970–[15.1990])
  • Zeitschrift für die Geschichte der Saargegend (inkl. Vorgänger, 1.1951–[1990])

For any comprehensive literature search that aims to include titles from before 1991, the search must examine the records in the earlier bibliographies and in the printed volumes of the Saarland Bibliography covering the years 1961 to 1990.

Options and optimization strategies when searching the Saarland Bibliography


The search fields

All of the items in the Saarland Bibliography are fully classified by subject. Each

  • bibliographic record comprises three controlled fields, which together form a six-digit numerical code that classifies an item in terms of a three-tiered hierarchy of descriptors: main class, main category, subcategory. For example: 10* Landeskunde [Regional studies], 1020* Landesbeschreibungen [Regional descriptions], 102040 Kreis- und Ortsbeschreibungen [Descriptions of districts, boroughs and smaller administrative units]. The totality of these records forms the classified list (‘Systematik’), which can be searched as follows:
    • The classified list enables users to browse the systematically indexed records of the Saarland Bibliography. Clicking on a particular entry initiates a database search.
    • The search menus in the database also allow the records in the classified list to be searched in combination with other keywords or (extra textual) aspects. Every node within the classified list has a corresponding lexical equivalent. The six-digit classification code ‘543420’ corresponds to the lexical term ‘Bergbaugeschichte’ [History of mining]. The numerical classification code is a hierarchical structure that can be truncated in a meaningful manner: Searching for ‘54*’ would bring up all items classified under the descriptor ‘Wirtschaft’ [Economy] (including all subdivisions thereof); whereas ‘5434*’ locates all items classified under ‘Bergbau’ [Mining].
      The classified list is the result of the systematic classification and indexing of every item in the Saarland Bibliography.
  • Formaspekt – The ‘type of publication’ modifier (only available in advanced search mode): This modifier describes the type of document, i.e. whether the work is a bibliography, an encyclopaedia, a general text, etc. Two-digit numbers are used to identify the different types of publication. For example, entering ‘01’ into the search box would indicate that you are looking for a bibliography. If you select ‘Formaspekt’ from the drop-down menu in the search box on the left, a red exclamation mark will appear next to the question mark icon that opens a help text. Clicking on the red exclamation mark opens a pop-up window containing a list of all the different types of publication available. Selecting a particular type of publication will automatically insert the associated two digit code into the search box to the right of the exclamation mark.
  • Zeitaspekt – The ‘time period’ modifier (only available in advanced search mode): This modifier signifies the period covered by a particular item, for example: the Roman age, the 16th century or the period of the League of Nations 1919 to 1935. As with the ‘Formaspekt’ modifier, the relevant period of interest can be selected from the list of time periods in the pop-up window that opens when the red exclamation mark is clicked.

To ensure that a publication is properly indexed, optional keyword tags can also be added to the record.

  • Ortsschlagwort [location tag]: If a work has a connection to a specific location, place or landscape (e.g. Gersheim-Reinheim), a location tag will always be assigned to its bibliographic record.
  • Sachschlagwort [subject tag]: This tag is assigned if a title in the collection requires further sub-classification. For example, a work with the classification code to 228050 (’Steindenkmale’ [Stone monuments]) may need to be further classified by appending the subject tag ‘Grenzsteine’ [Boundary stones].
  • Personenschlagwort [person tag]: Works that are concerned with or related to a particular person are assigned a person identifier tag, e.g. ‘Stengel, Friedrich Johann’.

All such tags (keywords) and the numerical classification code can be entered together as search terms in the search field ‘Schlagwort und Systematik der SB’ [Saarl. Bibliography keyword tags and classification codes] and combined as required.<br/>

Examples of bibliographic searches

Enter your tag (keyword) or the numerical classification code in the field ‘Schlagwort und Systematik der SB’ [Saarl. Bibliography keyword tags and classification codes], such as ‘Arbeitslosigkeit’ [Unemployment], ‘Heinitz’ [a location tag] or the classification code ‘543420’ for ‘Bergbaugeschichte’ [History of mining]. Some search terms will yield large numbers of hits in the bibliography, in which case it may be worthwhile refining your search. Examples of refined searches:

  • Entering the search terms ‘Heinitz’ and ‘543420’ in the field ‘Schlagwort und Systematik der SB’ will find works covering the history of mining in Neunkirchen-Heinitz.
  • You are interested in literature on the subject of churches and faith groups in Saarlouis. The main class ‘Kirchen’ [Churches] is structured at a fairly granular level, so that searching every node in the classification system in conjunction with the location tag ‘Saarlouis’ would be very time-consuming. The solution is to truncate the six-digit classification code to its first two digits. Entering ‘61*’ will find all entries that begin with the digits 61, i.e. all bibliographic records that have been classified under the general heading ‘Kirchen’ [Churches]. Entering the two search terms ‘Saarlouis’ and ‘61*’ in the search field will yield the desired result.
  • You are looking for literature on the political parties CDU, DPS and KPD. Use the advanced search option and in three of the fields on the left select the option ‘Schlagwort und Systematik der SB’ from the dropdown menu. Now enter the three search terms ‘CDU’, ‘DPS’ and ‘KPD’ individually into the three central search fields and change the logical operator settings at the right from ‘und’ [AND] to ‘oder’ [OR]. The search will now find items relating to the parties CDU, DPS and KPD or combinations thereof.
  • Are you looking for literature on mining but are unsure as to which search terms to use? Click on the ‘Einfache Suche’ [Basic search] tab and in the top-left selection box change ‘suchen [und]’ [Search [AND]] to ‘Index blättern’ [Browse index] from the drop down menu. Enter ‘Berg’ [the first characters of ‘Bergbau’, the German word for mining] in the search field. This will produce a list of terms that start with ‘Berg-’ and will indicate the corresponding number of records for each term in the database.
  • To find items dealing with sport after the Second World War, go to the advanced search form and first set the search field to ‘Schlagwort und Systematik der SB’, then enter the truncated numerical classification code ‘7360*’, which covers all sports. Now set the second search field to ‘Zeitaspekt’ and enter the numerical code 64 for the period 1945 to 1956.
  • You would like to find all the bibliographies that contain information on the Saarland economy. Go to the advanced search form and first set the search field to ‘Schlagwort und Systematik der SB’, then enter the truncated numerical classification code ‘54*’. Now set the second search field to ‘Formaspekt’ and enter the numerical code 01 to limit the search to bibliographies.

A special problem arises when a search is made for works concerned with a main town or city and one wishes to ignore its incorporated districts or boroughs. For example, searching for Saarbrücken will always yield results that include the districts administered by Saarbrücken, such as Dudweiler. The solution is to search for Saarbrücken and then identify the first item in the results list that deals with Saarbrücken alone. Now click on the search topic of interest in the indexed database record. The search will find items that match your search topic but are restricted to Saarbrücken alone.<br/>

Help using the database

In addition to these instructions, there are other websites offering online guidance on how to use the Saarland Bibliography.

  • The PDF file ‘Recherche in Datenbanken am Beispiel der Saarländischen Bibliographie’, which is currently available in German only, offers a general introduction into database search methodologies.
  • The Saarland Bibliography is hosted by the library catalogue K10+ as are numerous other online catalogues and bibliographies. K10+ has its own help texts, which can also be accessed from within the Saarland Bibliography.
    • Clicking on the question mark next to a search field will open a pop-up window with information on the selected search category and how to use it.
    • The ‘Hilfe’ [Help] tab in the top menu bar provides extensive information on different search strategies in the database.

The Saarland Bibliography web page offers downloadable documents that provide additional information and assistance on the structure of the classified list of records, the record modifiers ‘Formaspekt’ and ‘Zeitaspekt’, as well as two articles about the bibliography’s history and its development.